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Cardiac Center


 

Coronary Artery Disease  

Affecting more than 16.5 million people in the United States, coronary artery disease is the country’s leading cause of death in both men and women.  Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when the coronary arteries begin to narrow or become clogged or hardened. This is typically the result of cholesterol or fat buildup in your artery walls.

Common Coronary Artery Disease symptoms in both men and women include:  

  • Chest tightness   
  • Chest pain
  • Burning in chest
  • Squeezing pain in the chest
  • Heaviness in the chest
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Arm or shoulder pain
  • Shortness of breath

 

The most common CAD treatments include:

  • Coronary angioplasty and stenting
  • Lifestyle changes

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Chest Pain  

Chest pain can be harmless, or it can be a sign of a more serious condition, such as heart disease.  Chest pain, or angina, is a discomfort you can experience when your heart doesn’t receive enough oxygen-rich blood.

Some common causes of chest pain include:    

  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn
  • Acid reflux
  • Injured ribs
  • Gallbladder problems
  • Anxiety
  • Panic attack

 

Risk factors associated with chest pain:

  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Inactivity
  • Poor diet
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure

If you have an underlying heart condition, Dr. Odiete designs a personalized treatment plan that suits your unique situation.

In most cases, major lifestyle changes are recommended to reduce your chances of chest pain in the future.

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Heart Failure

Heart failure sounds dramatic, but you can still lead a fulfilling life despite heart failure if you get the right treatment.  Heart failure, or congestive heart failure (CHF) as it’s also called, is a condition in which your heart isn’t pumping blood through your body as effectively as it should.

Some common symptoms of Heart Failure include:    

  • Irregular/rapid heartbeat
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Swollen feet and ankles
  • Shortness of breath

 

Causes of Heart Failure:

  • Faulty heart valves
  • Cardiomyopathy (damaged heart muscle)
  • Myocarditis (inflamed heart muscle)
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Heart arrhythmias (abnormal rhythms)
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption

 

Some treatment options for Heart Failure include:

  • ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers
  • Beta-blockers
  • Statins
  • Blood thinners

Surgical options for heart failure are also available. Dr. Odiete could repair a faulty valve in your heart or carry out a bypass procedure like coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Other options are implantable devices, such as a biventricular pacemaker, an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), or a ventricular assist device (VAD).

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Palpitations

While heart palpitations can happen to anybody, they’re also often one of the first signs of an underlying heart condition. If your heart feels like it’s pounding or beating too fast, you may be experiencing palpitations. Many people feel palpitations in their chest, neck, and throat as well.

Heart palpitations are caused by:  

  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Alcohol
  • Nicotine

 

Diagnostic tools to determine the cause of your heart palpitations:

  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiogram
  • Event recording
  • Holter monitoring

 

Some treatment options for Heart Palpitations:

  • Beta-blockers
  • Limiting your alcohol intake
  • Reducing stress and anxiety-inducing situations
  • Blood thinners

 

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Diagnostic Tools and Techniques

  • Stress Testing

    A stress test is a diagnostic technique that assesses blood flow through your heart.  A stress test is also known as an exercise stress test because it involves you doing physical activity. As you exercise, an EKG (electrocardiogram) records the electrical activity in your heart.

     

    Why would I need a stress test?

    a stress test is used toprovide the information needed to help make an accurate diagnosis of conditions like heart arrhythmias and coronary artery disease (CAD).

    You might need to undergo a stress test if you require heart surgery, to determine the optimal time for you to have your operation. A stress test can also provide an insight into your potential need for a heart transplant.

     

    Other types of stress tests:

    • Echocardiography
    • Nuclear stress testing
    • Echocardiogram
    • Medication to increase your heart rate

     

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  • Cardiac Imaging

    Cardiac imaging is an advanced diagnostic tool that creates strikingly detailed pictures of the inside of your body. Cardiac imaging is a technology Peachstate Advanced Cardiac and Endovascular (PACE) uses to help diagnose the cause of any heart problems or check how well your heart’s working.

     

    Conditions that an echocardiogram might find include:

    • Enlarged heart chambers
    • Heart wall thickening
    • Inadequate pumping
    • Damaged heart muscle
    • Heart valve abnormalities
    • Congenital heart defects
    • Faulty blood vessels

     

    Types of echocardiograms:

    • Transthoracic echocardiogram
    • Transesophageal echocardiogram
    • Stress echocardiogram

     

    Other types of cardiac imaging tests:

    • Chest X-ray
    • Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan
    • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

     

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